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KMDB (Main Design Bureau) T-34/85

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The Soviet T-34 is widely considered one of the best tanks ever built.  It was not the fastest or most heavy tank in Red Army service but designers struck a winning balance with the T-34, equipping the medium tank with a large cannon and thick, sloping armor while still allowing for mobility and speed.  Typical of Russian war machines, the T-34 is simple and rugged—able to function efficiently in harsh weather and battlefield conditions.

One of the keys to the success of the T-34 was the fact that Soviet designers continued to develop and improve the T-34 over time.  This example, a T-34/85, was developed as the result of encounters with large German tanks during the Battle of Kursk in mid-1943.  The upgraded T-34 had a large 85 mm gun and room in its heavily-armored turret for up to three crewmen.

Even with improvements, the T-34-85 was not equal to a German Panther or Tiger tank, but the Soviets overcame their enemies with sheer numbers.  More T-34s were produced during World War II than any other tank by any nation, with over 57,000 built by the end of war in Europe.  After World War II, T-34 production continued in Russia and Soviet-controlled nations.  The last of over 84,000 T-34s drove off the assembly line in 1958.

History of the Artifact
The FHCAM’s T-34 was built at the end of World War II.   This tank is painted in the colors of a vehicle that fought in Belarus in January 1945. It has a typical winter camouflage scheme of a base green with white applied over the top.   The slogan on the side translates “For General Bagramian”—the famous Soviet Marshal of the 3rd Belarusian Front in 1945.

Did you know?
Many Soviet-built T-34/85s are still in use today.
General Statistics
Crew: 5
Width: 9 ft 7 in
Length: 24 ft 7 in
Height: 7 ft 10 in
Weight: 70,560 lbs
Engine: 1 x V-2 12-cylinder diesel-powered
Engine power: 500 hp (373 kW)
Performance
Maximum speed: 34 mph
Range, Road: 194 miles
Armament
1 x 85 mm L51.5 cannon
2 x 7.62 mm machine guns
Related Links
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