Avro Lancaster B. Mk.I nose section


Place in history: The Avro Lancaster was the most successful British bomber aircraft of WWII. The four-engined aircraft was first flown in 1941 and was characterized by its twin-finned tail and large "glasshouse" canopy. It entered service in 1942 with 44 squadron of the RAF. Operating mostly at night, they delivered 608,612 tons of bombs in 156,000 sorties against occupied Europe. For its time, the aircraft was fitted with advanced communications, navigation and radar systems. In April 1945, RAF Lancasters took part in Operation Manna to bring food to the starving peoples of occupied Holland. After the war, the Lancaster and a civilian version, the Lancastrian, were used in the Berlin Airlift.

This aircraft: Avro Lancaster TW911 was built as a B. Mk I (FE) to serve with the RAF's Tiger Force in the Far East, but it was completed too late to see operational service. The aircraft was converted for use as a flying test bed for the Armstrong Siddeley Python engine. The aircraft carried out extensive test flying before it was retired to Southend Aircraft Museum, UK in 1968.

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