Fieseler Fi 103 V-1
Place in history: The V-1 Vergeltungswaffe (German for vengeance weapon) was the first rocket-powered missile used in war. A precursor to today's cruise missiles, it was aimed primarily against England and Belgium. Launched from aircraft or catapult ramps on land, a simple pulse jet engine gave the V1 a distinctive sound that could be heard from ten miles away, earning it the nickname of "buzzbomb" or "doodlebug." The V-1's main production facility was the notorious underground complex of Mittelwerk at Nordhausen in the Hartz Mountains, where slave-laborers assembled the missiles in appalling conditions.